The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change.
The ANC's key objective is the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
This means the liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.
The ANC is in an alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Each Alliance partner is an independent organisation with its own constitution, membership and programmes. The Alliance is founded on a common commitment to the objectives of the National Democratic Revolution, and the need to unite the largest possible cross-section of South Africans behind these objectives.
Baleka Mbete is currently the National Chairperson of the ANC, she was elected to the post at the 2007 National Conference, held in Polokwane.
She is the former Deputy President of South Africa, she was previously Speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa from 2004 to 2008 and the Deputy Speaker from 1996 to 2004. She was also the secretary-general of ANC Women's League from 1991 to 1993.
Mbete was born on 24 September 1949, she received a teacher's certificate from Lovedale Teachers' College and taught in Durban.
After going into exile Mbete taught in Mbabane, and went on to work for the African National Congress in several other African cities including Dar es Salaam, Nairobi, Gaborone, Harare, and Lusaka.
Mbete was a member of the Presidential Panel on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.