The President is the political head and chief directing officer of the ANC and the leader of the house at a National Conference or National General Council. He or she will:
- Make pronouncements for and on behalf of the NEC outlining and explaining the policy or attitude of the ANC on any question.
- Present to the National Conference and National General Council a comprehensive statement of the state of the nation and the political situation generally.
- Under the overall supervision of the NEC, orient and direct the activities of the ANC.
- Be an ex-officio member of the NWC.
The president is elected by the National Conference which is held at least every five years
Presidents of the African National Congress
There have been twelve presidents of the ANC since its inception in 1912.
- 1912 - 1917 J L Dube (Dr)
- 1917 - 1924 S M Makgatho
- 1924 - 1927 Z R Mahabane (1st term)
- 1927 - 1930 J T Gumede
- 1930 - 1936 Pixley ka Isaka Seme (Dr)
- 1936 - 1940 Z R Mahabane (2nd term)
- 1940 - 1949 A B Xuma (Dr)
- 1949 - 1952 J S Moroka (Dr)
- 1952 - 1967 Chief A J Luthuli
- 1967 - 1991 O R Tambo
- 1991 - 1997 N R Mandela
- 1997 - 2007 T M Mbeki
- 2007 - 2012 J Zuma (1st term)
- 2012 - 2017 J Zuma (2nd term)