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African National Congress

AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

SOUTH AFRICA'S NATIONAL LIBERATION MOVEMENT

Seme Pixley

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Pixley ka Isaka Seme

Pixley ka Isaka Seme was born on 1 October 1881 and died on 7 June 1951. He was a founder and President of the African National Congress.

Seme was born in Natal, at the Inanda mission station of the American Zulu Mission of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

At age 17 Seme left South Africa to study in the U.S., first at the Mount Hermon School and then Columbia University. In 1906, his senior year at University, he was awarded the Curtis Medal, Columbia's highest oratorical honor. He subsequently decided to become an attorney. In October 1906 he was admitted to Oxford University to read for the degree of Bachelor of Civil Law; while at Oxford he was a member of Jesus College.

Seme returned to South Africa in 1911. In response to the formation of the Union of South Africa, he worked with several other young African leaders who had recently returned from university studies in England, Richard Msimang, George Montsioa and Alfred Mangena, and with est...

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