The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change.
The ANC's key objective is the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
This means the liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.
The ANC is in an alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Each Alliance partner is an independent organisation with its own constitution, membership and programmes. The Alliance is founded on a common commitment to the objectives of the National Democratic Revolution, and the need to unite the largest possible cross-section of South Africans behind these objectives.
Moroka, James S. President-general of the African National Congress from 1949 to 1952. A prestigious physician from a prominent landholding family in the Orange Free State, he had the status and boldness required for national leadership in the ANC but lacked the political astuteness to always guide the organization forcefully during his presidency. He was born in 1891 in Thaba. Nchu, a great-grandson of the Tswana chief Moroka who gave military protection to the Voortrekkers in the 1830s. After attending Lovedale, Moroka went to Scotland in 1911 and in 1918 graduated from the University of Edinburgh in medicine. The practice that he established at Thaba 'Nchu was lucrative, and Moroka—urbane and dignified-became a widely respected tiffure. even among local Afrikaners, many of whom were his patients.
First entering politics at the time of the Hertzog Bills, Moroka was immediately accorded a leadership role and accompanied the delegation of the All African Convention that confron...