The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change.
The ANC's key objective is the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
This means the liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.
The ANC is in an alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Each Alliance partner is an independent organisation with its own constitution, membership and programmes. The Alliance is founded on a common commitment to the objectives of the National Democratic Revolution, and the need to unite the largest possible cross-section of South Africans behind these objectives.
Cyril Ramaphosa was born on 17 November 1952. He was elected Deputy President of the African National Congress at its 53rd National Conference in Mangaung, December 2012.
He grew up in Soweto, but matriculated, in 1971 at the Mphaphuli High School in Sibasa, Venda. In 1976 he was detained for a second time for six months. Subsequent to his release, he became a law clerk for a Johannesburg firm of attorneys and continued his studies through the University of South Africa, from where he obtained his B. Proc. Degree in 1981.
He was elected Secretary General of the African National Congress in 1991. He is widely respected as a skilful negotiator and strategist, he played a leading role as an ANC negotiator at CODESA.
He is also known for the role he played in building the National Union of Mineworkers up into biggest trade union in South Africa.
Following the first democratic elections in 1994, Ramaphosa became a member of parliament. He was elected chairperson of the Consti...