Chief Lutuli and other ANC leaders convened a Consultative Conference of African Leaders in Orlando, Johannesburg, in December 1960, to consider united action following the banning of the ANC and PAC and several months of a state of emergency, as well as a whites-only referendum on declaring a Republic. The Consultative Conference decided to call an All-in Conference and set up a Continuation Committee.
The All-in African Conference, held in Pietermaritzburg on 25-26 March 1961, was attended by 1,398 delegates from all over the country, though the government had arrested a majority of members of the Continuation Committee and took other measures to hinder the conference.
The government rejected the demand of the Conference for a representative national convention to prepare a non-racial democratic constitution, and used massive show of force to suppress protests against the Republic in May, thereby precipitating a prolonged conflict.
The ANC is in an alliance with the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Each Alliance partner is an independent organisation with its own constitution, membership and programmes. The Alliance is founded on a common commitment to the objectives of the National Democratic Revolution, and the need to unite the largest possible cross-section of South Africans behind these objectives.
Last updated: 06 August 2010
All-In African Conference
|03 Jun 1961||General Strike - Statement by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the National Action Council following the stay-at-home in May 1961|
|23 May 1961||Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir de Villiers Graaff, Leader of the White Opposition United Party|
|15 May 1961||Leaflet issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay-at-home on 29, 30, 31 May 1961|
|05 Apr 1961||Leaflet issued by the All-in African National Council|
|03 Apr 1961||Leaflet issued by the All-in African National Action Council|
|26 Mar 1961||Resolutions of the All-In African Conference|
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