The ANC Spearheads Revolution: Leaflet issued by the ANC, May 1963
The ANC Spearheads
The South African people are at war with Verwoerd. Twelve million people will be slaves no longer. For three hundred years the Whites have refused to hear our voice. The ways of peace have failed. Now we fight to be free. The Verwoerd government has made it impossible for us to win our birthright any other way.
The ANC tells the people straight: the struggle that will free us is a long, hard job. Do not be deceived by men who talk big with no thought for tomorrow. Freedom is not just a matter of strong words. Neither is it simply brave men and heroic deeds. Impatience, which makes men lose their heads, will not bring freedom.
The White Supremacy state is powerful and has tried to prepare itself for revolution. It has money, it is well-organised, well-armed. Verwoerd and his henchmen will not be frightened out of power.
TO DESTROY VERWOERD WE MUST DESTROY THE INSTRUMENTS OF WHITE POWER.
We will not win until we destroy the forces that make the White state powerful. We must break the instruments of oppression, take them over, and use them to smash White baasskap.
WHAT ARE THE INSTRUMENTS OF WHITE POWER?
They are the army, the mines, the railways, the docks, the factories, the farms, the police, the whole administration.
HOW ARE [WE] TO SMASH THEM?
With planned, strategic violence. Already scared, the Whites are on the look-out. We must outwit them. We must hit them when they are not looking. We must strike where they do not expect it. We must hit them hardest where they are soft.
Will Smash Apartheid!
The Leballo way is useless
Young men, brave and impatient for freedom have joined PAC and POQO. The nation needs brave men! We are all impatient, thirsty for
freedom. But impatience alone leads to recklessness, and recklessness can lose us the battle. The Leballo way is useless, worse than useless.
LEBALLO TALKS OF FREEDOM IN 1963
From Basutoland, Potlako Leballo challenges Vorster and says: "Our revolutionary council is discussing the time and manner in which positive action will be launched. It is imminent." Any sane man knows that the struggle will be longer than the eight months left this year. It took the Algerians seven years to get rid of the French. We will not smash Verwoerd in a day. Instead of organising, Leballo incites our bravest men to rush unarmed into the guns of Verwoerd as if freedom was a Christmas present.
LEBALLO TALKS TOO MUCH
Leballo has always been a boaster. He is confused: he says one thing today and denies it tomorrow. Now he has betrayed his people. Either Leballo genuinely believes there will be freedom in one action - in which case he is wrong, and other men will die for his mistakes, or else he knows the revolution will take time, but for some mysterious reason wants to deceive us.
THE PAC LEADERS FIGHT AMONG THEMSELVES
There is no room in freedom organisations for ambitious men out for their own gain. The PAC leadership has shown it cannot work together. They expel a Philip Kgosane then a Madzunya. Next Leballo will expel Sobukwe. Can we trust these men? They talk the loudest, and think the least; they say one thing and mean another. Revolution is serious business. These men - vain, squabbling and confused - will waste our noblest soldiers as if they were toys.
PAC KNOWS NOTHING ABOUT WAR
A crowd of unarmed men on a midnight march to town cannot break the police, the army and all the oppression of Verwoerd. That was Paarl - a heroic effort born out of oppression, but badly conceived. It is no good to think in terms of impis, not of modern guerrilla war. PAC leaders like Leballo talk of revolution but do not work out how to make revolution. War needs careful plans. War is not a gesture of defiance. For a sum total of nine Whites killed - only one of them a policeman, and he killed by accident - hundreds of Poqos are in jail serving thousands of years imprisonment. For a wild boast Leballo has caused the round-up of unknown numbers of young fighters.
These ways achieve nothing politically. These ways squander men, make of the life and death struggle a game of prestige and big talk.
BRAVE MEN MUST KNOW HOW TO FIGHT
The leaders must have control over their soldiers. The soldiers must know what the leaders want. The freedom forces of South Africa must be coordinated - cell with cell, branch with branch, region with region - in revolution. There must be strong discipline - no actions going off halfcock.
NO MISUSE OF MANPOWER
It is a misuse of manpower to send out all men on every job, as if enough followers could make up for too little leadership. Freedom fighters must be trained. Ten men, well trained and organised, can often without fuss, do a job that 200 men, heroic but badly-led, would bungle.
DON'T MISTAKE THE REAL TARGET
Poqo is said to have killed five White road-builders in the Transkei recently. There are more effective ways of busting the White supremacy state. A few road-builders make no difference to the revolution. Instead, smashed railway lines, damaged pylons carrying electricity across the country, bombed-out petrol dumps cut Verwoerd off from his power, and leave him helpless. And these acts are only the beginning-
WHY MAKE ENEMIES OF OUR ALLIES?
The Leballos spurn men of other races. We say that just as Africans bear the brunt of oppression under the White state, so will the White state be broken by the main force of African people. But this is no reason we say, to reject comrades of other races whom we know are ready to fight with us, suffer, and if need be. die.
NO CRY OF DESPAIR!
The slogan POQO - 'pure' is a panicky cry of blind leaders who thrust themselves away from others and for comfort in the dark, shout out they are alone. We have no need to worship isolation - the people are with us. We distrust despair, for it does not make good soldiers. Despair sent the men of Paarl, armed with nothing but their bravery, unorganised, untrained, and badly led, to meet the bullets of Verwoerd's police. Despair is dangerous. There is also no reason for it. We know we will win. The only question is how soon - and that depends on how we use our forces.
ABOVE ALL - SECURITY
Freedom fighters must keep their mouths shut. There is no room for those who give statements to the police. Young recruits who have a few drinks and start boasting are a danger. Arrested men who turn state witness betray the struggle. No abortive adventures. No police penetration of the freedom force!
Find a way -
But not the Leballo way
Umkhonto We Sizwe
- Army of the Liberation Movement -
- UMKHONTO IS FOR ACTIVISTS
We have struck against the White state more than 70 times (boldly yet methodically). We are trained and practised. We shall be more so.
- UMKHONTO IS ORGANISED
Our organisation is nation-wide. We can strike anywhere.
- UMKHONTO TRAIN S THE YOUTH
We are ceaselessly, thoroughly, training an Army of Liberation.
- UMKHONTO HAS POWERFUL ALLIES
The African states and the democratic world are four-square behind us. We have allies among other races in South Africa.
- UMKHONTO HAS A PLANNED STRATEGY
Umkhonto can analyse the revolutionary situation. It knows how to use soldiers where they are most effective.
- UMKHONTO HAS LEADERSHIP
Our leaders are brave, intelligent men. They work together
- UMKHONTO HAS NO NEED TO BOAST
The people are with us. We are for the people. Our words are deeds.
Three POQO men are due to hang. Hundreds are in jail, many for life. Who knows how many will be rounded up after the Leballo fiasco?
THESE ARE THE CASUALTIES IN THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE. WE QUARREL NOT WITH BRAVE MEN BUT WITH BAD LEADERSHIP. WE ATTACK PAC - LEBALLO POLICY NOT OUT OF PETTY RIVALRY BUT BECAUSE IT TAKES US BACK, NOT FORWARD ALONG THE FREEDOM ROAD.
- Genuine freedom-fighters must find a way to fight together, in UNITY, in unbreakable strength.
- There is room in the freedom struggle for all brave men - and women
WE ARE PREPARED TO TALK UNITY TO WORK FOR UNITY; TO FIGHT UNITED WITH THE CORRECT POLICY AND THE CORRECT FIGHTING STRATEGY
WITH YOUR SUPPORT WE WILL WIN
Be Careful - But Let Others See this
Issued by: African National Congress