The ANC Spearheads Revolution: Leaflet issued by the ANC, May 1963
The ANC Spearheads
The South African people are at war with Verwoerd. Twelve million people will
be slaves no longer. For three hundred years the Whites have refused to hear our
voice. The ways of peace have failed. Now we fight to be free. The Verwoerd
government has made it impossible for us to win our birthright any other way.
The ANC tells the people straight: the struggle that will free us is a long,
hard job. Do not be deceived by men who talk big with no thought for tomorrow.
Freedom is not just a matter of strong words. Neither is it simply brave men and
heroic deeds. Impatience, which makes men lose their heads, will not bring
The White Supremacy state is powerful and has tried to prepare itself for
revolution. It has money, it is well-organised, well-armed. Verwoerd and his
henchmen will not be frightened out of power.
TO DESTROY VERWOERD WE MUST DESTROY THE INSTRUMENTS OF WHITE POWER.
We will not win until we destroy the forces that make the White state
powerful. We must break the instruments of oppression, take them over, and use
them to smash White baasskap.
WHAT ARE THE INSTRUMENTS OF WHITE POWER?
They are the army, the mines, the railways, the docks, the factories, the
farms, the police, the whole administration.
HOW ARE [WE] TO SMASH THEM?
With planned, strategic violence. Already scared, the Whites are on the
look-out. We must outwit them. We must hit them when they are not looking. We
must strike where they do not expect it. We must hit them hardest where they are
Will Smash Apartheid!
The Leballo way is useless
Young men, brave and impatient for freedom have joined PAC and POQO. The
nation needs brave men! We are all impatient, thirsty for
freedom. But impatience alone leads to recklessness, and recklessness can
lose us the battle. The Leballo way is useless, worse than useless.
LEBALLO TALKS OF FREEDOM IN 1963
From Basutoland, Potlako Leballo challenges Vorster and says: "Our
revolutionary council is discussing the time and manner in which positive action
will be launched. It is imminent." Any sane man knows that the struggle
will be longer than the eight months left this year. It took the Algerians seven
years to get rid of the French. We will not smash Verwoerd in a day. Instead of
organising, Leballo incites our bravest men to rush unarmed into the guns of
Verwoerd as if freedom was a Christmas present.
LEBALLO TALKS TOO MUCH
Leballo has always been a boaster. He is confused: he says one thing today
and denies it tomorrow. Now he has betrayed his people. Either Leballo genuinely
believes there will be freedom in one action - in which case he is wrong, and
other men will die for his mistakes, or else he knows the revolution will take
time, but for some mysterious reason wants to deceive us.
THE PAC LEADERS FIGHT AMONG THEMSELVES
There is no room in freedom organisations for ambitious men out for their own
gain. The PAC leadership has shown it cannot work together. They expel a Philip
Kgosane then a Madzunya. Next Leballo will expel Sobukwe. Can we trust these
men? They talk the loudest, and think the least; they say one thing and mean
another. Revolution is serious business. These men - vain, squabbling and
confused - will waste our noblest soldiers as if they were toys.
PAC KNOWS NOTHING ABOUT WAR
A crowd of unarmed men on a midnight march to town cannot break the police,
the army and all the oppression of Verwoerd. That was Paarl - a heroic effort
born out of oppression, but badly conceived. It is no good to think in terms of
impis, not of modern guerrilla war. PAC leaders like Leballo talk of revolution
but do not work out how to make revolution. War needs careful plans. War is not
a gesture of defiance. For a sum total of nine Whites killed - only one of them
a policeman, and he killed by accident - hundreds of Poqos are in jail serving
thousands of years imprisonment. For a wild boast Leballo has caused the
round-up of unknown numbers of young fighters.
These ways achieve nothing politically. These ways squander men, make of the
life and death struggle a game of prestige and big talk.
BRAVE MEN MUST KNOW HOW TO FIGHT
The leaders must have control over their soldiers. The soldiers must know
what the leaders want. The freedom forces of South Africa must be coordinated -
cell with cell, branch with branch, region with region - in revolution. There
must be strong discipline - no actions going off halfcock.
NO MISUSE OF MANPOWER
It is a misuse of manpower to send out all men on every job, as if enough
followers could make up for too little leadership. Freedom fighters must be
trained. Ten men, well trained and organised, can often without fuss, do a job
that 200 men, heroic but badly-led, would bungle.
DON'T MISTAKE THE REAL TARGET
Poqo is said to have killed five White road-builders in the Transkei
recently. There are more effective ways of busting the White supremacy state. A
few road-builders make no difference to the revolution. Instead, smashed railway
lines, damaged pylons carrying electricity across the country, bombed-out petrol
dumps cut Verwoerd off from his power, and leave him helpless. And these acts
are only the beginning-
WHY MAKE ENEMIES OF OUR ALLIES?
The Leballos spurn men of other races. We say that just as Africans bear the
brunt of oppression under the White state, so will the White state be broken by
the main force of African people. But this is no reason we say, to reject
comrades of other races whom we know are ready to fight with us, suffer, and if
need be. die.
NO CRY OF DESPAIR!
The slogan POQO - 'pure' is a panicky cry of blind leaders who thrust
themselves away from others and for comfort in the dark, shout out they are
alone. We have no need to worship isolation - the people are with us. We
distrust despair, for it does not make good soldiers. Despair sent the men of
Paarl, armed with nothing but their bravery, unorganised, untrained, and badly
led, to meet the bullets of Verwoerd's police. Despair is dangerous. There is
also no reason for it. We know we will win. The only question is how soon - and
that depends on how we use our forces.
ABOVE ALL - SECURITY
Freedom fighters must keep their mouths shut. There is no room for those who
give statements to the police. Young recruits who have a few drinks and start
boasting are a danger. Arrested men who turn state witness betray the struggle.
No abortive adventures. No police penetration of the freedom force!
Find a way -
But not the Leballo way
Umkhonto We Sizwe
- Army of the Liberation Movement -
- UMKHONTO IS FOR ACTIVISTS
We have struck against the White state more than 70 times (boldly yet
methodically). We are trained and practised. We shall be more so.
- UMKHONTO IS ORGANISED
Our organisation is nation-wide. We can strike anywhere.
- UMKHONTO TRAIN S THE YOUTH
We are ceaselessly, thoroughly, training an Army of Liberation.
- UMKHONTO HAS POWERFUL ALLIES
The African states and the democratic world are four-square behind us. We
have allies among other races in South Africa.
- UMKHONTO HAS A PLANNED STRATEGY
Umkhonto can analyse the revolutionary situation. It knows how to use
soldiers where they are most effective.
- UMKHONTO HAS LEADERSHIP
Our leaders are brave, intelligent men. They work together
- UMKHONTO HAS NO NEED TO BOAST
The people are with us. We are for the people. Our words are deeds.
Three POQO men are due to hang. Hundreds are in jail, many for life. Who
knows how many will be rounded up after the Leballo fiasco?
THESE ARE THE CASUALTIES IN THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE. WE QUARREL NOT WITH BRAVE
MEN BUT WITH BAD LEADERSHIP. WE ATTACK PAC - LEBALLO POLICY NOT OUT OF PETTY
RIVALRY BUT BECAUSE IT TAKES US BACK, NOT FORWARD ALONG THE FREEDOM ROAD.
- Genuine freedom-fighters must find a way to fight together, in UNITY, in
- There is room in the freedom struggle for all brave men - and women
WE ARE PREPARED TO TALK UNITY TO WORK FOR UNITY; TO FIGHT UNITED WITH THE
CORRECT POLICY AND THE CORRECT FIGHTING STRATEGY
WITH YOUR SUPPORT WE WILL WIN
Be Careful - But Let Others See this
Issued by: African National Congress